Shunga Empire – Pushyamitra Shung is the founder of this family.

Shunga, Satavahana and Kushan

Shung clan.

(1) Pushyamitra Shung is the founder of this family. He killed the last Mauryan king Brihadhrath and seized his kingdom. Pushyamitra was the commander of Brihadratha. Although Pushyamitra conquered the Mauryan kingdom in this way, he could not bring all the territory of the Mauryan Empire under his control. Shung was a Bharadwajgotri Brahmin. 

(2) During the reign of Pushyamitra, his son Agnimitra defeated King Yagyasena of Vidarbha in battle. Also during this period Dimitrius, the Greek king of Bactria, invaded India and conquered a large part of India; But Pushyamitra defeated his army and regained the territory up to Punjab. 

(3) Pushyamitra ruled for 36 years (187 BC to 151 BC). Vedic religion was revived during his time. He is mentioned to have performed Ashwamedha Yajna twice. He was succeeded by Agnimitra, Sujyestha, Vasumitra, etc. 

(4) According to the Puranas, there were ten kings in the pushyamitra shunga dynasty. Devbhuti, the last king of the Shungas, was assassinated by his Brahmin minister Vasudev Kanva and seized power. In this way, history was repeated and the Kanva dynasty came to power in place of the Shungas.

Shunga

The importance of the Shung period.

(1) The antlers repulsed the invasions of the foreigners, the Greeks. 

(2) During this period, the Vedic religion gained new importance. The pushyamitra shungarevived Vedic practices such as Yajna. 

(3) Sanskrit literature developed a lot during his time. 

(4) The Shung kings also encouraged bananas in their kingdom. The stupa at Barhat and the eagle pillar at Besnagar were built during this period. The Kanva dynasty that came after Shunga lasted for about 45 years.

Satvahana family.

(1) The Satvahana dynasty was one of the major dynasties in South India. In the Puranas, Satavahanas are also called ‘Andhra’. 

(2) Historians differ greatly on the Satavahana period. Some historians say this period etc. C. E. 235 to etc. C. 225 is considered, So some historians say this period, etc. C. E. 37 to, etc. C. 225 is considered. 

(3) Due to the insufficient availability of tools for the history of Satavahanas, there is a lot of ambiguity about their careers. The information obtained from the Puranas about the Satavahanas does not seem to be reliable as it is contradictory. 

(4) In Matsya and Brahmand Purana, it is mentioned that Satavahana ruled for 450 years and during this period there were 30 kings. On the other hand, in Vishnu Purana, it is known that this power lasted for 300 years and became 19 kings. 

(5) The founder of this family was Simak. He was succeeded by his brother Krishna, But the first important king of this family was Srishatkarni I. He consolidated his power in Maharashtra by marrying a Maharathi princess named Devi Nayanika. 

(6) Srishatkarni revived the Vedic tradition by sacrificing two Ashwamedhas and one Rajya. He held the titles of ‘Apratihatchakra’ and ‘Dakshinapathapati’. 

(7) After Srishatkarni I, Shatkarni II, Haal, Gautamiputra Srishatkarni, Pulumavi II (Vasishtiputra Swami Sripulumavi) Vasishtiputra Srishatkarni, Shivshri Pulumavi, Yajnashri Shatkarni, Vasishtiputra Srichandra Shatkarni etc. The Satavahana dynasty came to an end in the third century AD. 

(8) Pratishthan (now Paithan) in Maharashtra was the capital city of the Satavahanas. 

(9) Gautamiputra Srishatkarni is an important king of this family. He is considered to be the greatest king among the Satavahanas. He was a very brave and mighty warrior. He had brought all the territory from Malwa to Karnataka under his control. 

(10) Gautamiputra defeated the rulers of Saka, Pahlavi, Ksharat, etc., and increased the dominance of Satvahanas. It was called ‘Trisamudratoyapitavahana’ which means ‘whose horse has drunk the water of all three seas’. He is also known as a prajahitadaksha and tolerant king.

Importance of the Satvahana period.

(1) The Satavahanas for the first time established a strong and politically influential power in South India. 

(2) Satavahana kings were proud of the Vedic religion. Therefore, Vedic religion was revived during his time. Practices such as sacrifices began to be given importance. 

(3) Although the Satvahana kings were proud of the Vedic religion, they also protected and encouraged Buddhism. During his reign, chaityagrihas, viharas, and caves were dug in the hills at Ajanta, Ellora, Karle, Bhaje, Nashik, etc. 

(4) During this period Vaishnavism and Shaivism began to spread. 

(5) During this period many advances were made in the field of art. The visual proof of this is the caves and monasteries carved in the hills all over Maharashtra. 

(6) Satavahana Raja Hal wrote a book called ‘Gathasaptashati’ in the Prakrit language. Pradhan Gunadhya of Satvahana wrote the book ‘Brihatkatha’ in demonic language. Some Sanskrit literature was also produced during this period.

The Kushan dynasty.

(1) the foreigners who invaded India; But after coming to India, Kushan was one of the foreigners who became fully integrated with the Indian culture.

(2) The Kushans were originally from a nomadic tribe called ‘Uechi’. These UA gangs lived in the region northwest of China, But the Huns drove them away. So the UAE gang moved west to Shung, Satavahana, and Kushan

Shung clan.

(1) Pushyamitra Shung is the founder of this family. He killed the last Mauryan king Brihadhrath and seized his kingdom. Pushyamitra was the commander of Brihadratha. Although Pushyamitra conquered the Mauryan kingdom in this way, he could not bring all the territory of the Mauryan Empire under his control. Shung was a Bharadwajgotri Brahmin. 

(2) During the reign of Pushyamitra, his son Agnimitra defeated King Yagyasena of Vidarbha in battle. Also during this period Dimitrius, the Greek king of Bactria, invaded India and conquered a large part of India; But Pushyamitra defeated his army and regained the territory up to Punjab. 

(3) Pushyamitra ruled for 36 years (187 BC to 151 BC). Vedic religion was revived during his time. He is mentioned to have performed Ashwamedha Yajna twice. He was succeeded by Agnimitra, Sujyestha, Vasumitra, etc. 

(4) According to the Puranas, there were ten kings in the pushyamitra shunga dynasty. Devbhuti, the last king of the Shungas, was assassinated by his Brahmin minister Vasudev Kanva and seized power. In this way, history was repeated and the Kanva dynasty came to power in place of the Shungas.

The importance of the Shung period.

(1) The antlers repulsed the invasions of the foreigners, the Greeks. 

(2) During this period, the Vedic religion gained new importance. The pushyamitra shunga revived Vedic practices such as Yajna. 

(3) Sanskrit literature developed a lot during his time. 

(4) The Shung kings also encouraged bananas in their kingdom. The stupa at Barhat and the eagle pillar at Besnagar were built during this period. The Kanva dynasty that came after Shunga lasted for about 45 years.

Satvahana family.

(1) The Satvahana dynasty was one of the major dynasties in South India. In the Puranas, Satavahanas are also called ‘Andhra’. 

(2) Historians differ greatly on the Satavahana period. Some historians say this period etc. C. E. 235 to etc. C. 225 is considered, So some historians say this period, etc. C. E. 37 to, etc. C. 225 is considered. 

(3) Due to the insufficient availability of tools for the history of Satavahanas, there is a lot of ambiguity about their careers. The information obtained from the Puranas about the Satavahanas does not seem to be reliable as it is contradictory. 

(4) In Matsya and Brahmand Purana, it is mentioned that Satavahana ruled for 450 years and during this period there were 30 kings. On the other hand, in Vishnu Purana, it is known that this power lasted for 300 years and became 19 kings. 

(5) The founder of this family was Simak. He was succeeded by his brother Krishna, But the first important king of this family was Srishatkarni I. He consolidated his power in Maharashtra by marrying a Maharathi princess named Devi Nayanika. 

(6) Srishatkarni revived the Vedic tradition by sacrificing two Ashwamedhas and one Rajya. He held the titles of ‘Apratihatchakra‘ and ‘Dakshinapathapati‘. 

(7) After Srishatkarni I, Shatkarni II, Haal, Gautamiputra Srishatkarni, Pulumavi II (Vasishtiputra Swami Sripulumavi) Vasishtiputra Srishatkarni, Shivshri Pulumavi, Yajnashri Shatkarni, Vasishtiputra Srichandra Shatkarni etc. The Satavahana dynasty came to an end in the third century AD. 

(8) Pratishthan (now Paithan) in Maharashtra was the capital city of the Satavahanas. 

(9) Gautamiputra Srishatkarni is an important king of this family. He is considered to be the greatest king among the Satavahanas. He was a very brave and mighty warrior. He had brought all the territory from Malwa to Karnataka under his control. 

(10) Gautamiputra defeated the rulers of Saka, Pahlavi, Ksharat, etc., and increased the dominance of Satvahanas. It was called ‘Trisamudratoyapitavahana’ which means ‘whose horse has drunk the water of all three seas’. He is also known as a prajahitadaksha and tolerant king.

Importance of the Satvahana period.

(1) The Satavahanas for the first time established a strong and politically influential power in South India. 

(2) Satavahana kings were proud of the Vedic religion. Therefore, Vedic religion was revived during his time. Practices such as sacrifices began to be given importance. 

(3) Although the Satvahana kings were proud of the Vedic religion, they also protected and encouraged Buddhism. During his reign, chaityagrihas, viharas, and caves were dug in the hills at Ajanta, Ellora, Karle, Bhaje, Nashik, etc. 

(4) During this period Vaishnavism and Shaivism began to spread. 

(5) During this period many advances were made in the field of art. The visual proof of this is the caves and monasteries carved in the hills all over Maharashtra. 

(6) Satavahana Raja Hal wrote a book called ‘Gathasaptashati‘ in the Prakrit language. Pradhan Gunadhya of Satvahana wrote the book ‘Brihatkatha’ in demonic language. Some Sanskrit literature was also produced during this period.

The Kushan dynasty.

(1) the foreigners who invaded India; But after coming to India, Kushan was one of the foreigners who became fully integrated with the Indian culture. 

(2) The Kushans were originally from a nomadic tribe called ‘Uechi‘. These UA gangs lived in the region northwest of China, But the Huns drove them away. So the UAE gang moved west

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